Ceriagrion suave Ris, 1921
Suave Citril


  • scientific: ? C. moorei Longfield, 1952; ? C. hamoni Fraser, 1955
  • vernacular: Plain C.; Pleasant O.

Type locality: Kapiri, DRC


Male is typical of suave-complex of genus by (a) the moderate size, Hw 17-23 mm; (b) greenish eyes with maturity; (c) rather dull orange to brown dorsa of the head and thorax; (d) uniformly orange to red abdomen; (e) apically pointed penis; (f) no toothed processes on the apical border of S10; and (g) paraprocts that do not reach beyond the cerci and that have a fairly distinct angular heel ventrally. However, is (1) notably uniform in colour, brown to orange on the head and thorax grading to yellow on the face and flanks, and typically without a darker greyish or greenish tinge to the head dorsum, nor with distinctly whitish thoracic flanks and/or blackish dots on the humeral and metapleural sutures; (2) often has largely yellow-stained wings; (3) the penis does not have drawn-out finger-like lateral lobes; (4) the dorsal excision of the apical border of S10 is up to half as deep as the segment is dorsally long, and its borders are pale; (5) the cerci have the apical black teeth turned downward and thus usually not visible in dorsal view; and (6) the tips of the paraprocts reach at most as far as those (or even the apical teeth) of the cerci. [Adapted from Dijkstra, Kipping & Mézière 2015]

Habitat description

Standing and mostly temporary waters in open landscapes. Often with emergent vegetation. From 0 to 1900 m above sea level, but mostly below 1300.


confirmed: Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ethiopia; Gambia; Ghana; Guinee-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Republic of Guinea; Republic of South Africa; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Sudan; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe; NOT confirmed: Côte d'Ivoire

Male © Jens Kipping

Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Penis (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Katanga, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Katanga, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Katanga, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


  • Ris, F. (1921). The Odonata or Dragonflies of South Africa. Annals South African Museum, XVIII, 245-452. [PDF file]
  • Consiglio, C. (1978). Odonata collected in ethopia by the expeditions of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 375, 27-51. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1961). Dragonflies (Odonata) of Central Africa. Occasional Papers Rhodes-Livingstone Museum, 14, 1-97. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1963). Notes on both sexes of some tropical species of Ceriagrion Selys (Odonata). Annals Magazine Natural History Series, 13, 6, 17-28. [PDF file]
  • Longfield, C. (1952). Two new species of African Ceriagrion (Odonata), the type of C. corallinum Campion, and notes on the genus. Proceedings Royal Entomological Society London, 21, 41-48. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1962). New or little-known dragonflies (Odonata) of Central and Southern Africa. Occasional Papers National Museum Southern Rhodesia, 26, 892-911. [PDF file]
  • Ris, F. (1931). Odonata aus Süd-Angola. Revue Suisse Zoologie, 38, 97-112. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1967). Odonata Zygoptera. Exploration Hydrobiologique Bassin Lac Bangweolo Luapula, 14, 1-43. [PDF file]
  • Schouteden, H. (1934). Annales Musee Congo belge Zoologie 3 Section 2, 3, 1-84. [PDF file]
  • Schmidt, E. (1951). Libellen aus Portugiesisch Guinea, mit Bemerkungen über andere aethiopische Odonaten. Arquivos Museu Bocag, 20, 125-200. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2024-07-21].